The main duties for builders under the Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2007 is that they communicate and coordinate the work effectively within the project. All the work needs to be planned, monitored and managed to ensure the health and safety for all. Access to the site should be controlled. The builder may have a workforce, which needs to be managed. This includes things like site inductions, site rules, emergency procedures and ensuring all know and are trained in managing the risks.
Health and Safety at a glance for builders includes wearing personal protective equipment such as hard hats, safety shoes and goggles. Correct manual handling is also compulsory when working on any construction project. It is important that hard hats are an integral part of the daily work uniform and are supplied to site visitors. Manual handling should be avoided. Mechanical aids should be used where possible. Where loads are lifted by hand, builders should be trained in how to lift correctly. Loads should be segregated and lightened wherever possible.
Falls are the largest cause of death on a construction site. Builders must take precautions to minimize risk of injury from possible falls. Builders must use equipment, wherever possible, to prevent falls. Collective protection measures should be used such as scaffolds, nets, guard rails, mobile elevating platforms and mast climbing work platforms. Harnesses can also be used to protect individuals. Builders should be trained and instructed so that they understand how to prevent falls. There should be adequate lighting, sensible housekeeping and personal protective provisions.
Moving or overturning vehicles on a building site pose a risk. Diggers, cranes and other vehicles should be controlled so that they only operate in controlled areas. Barriers must be erected to prevent access by pedestrians and visitors to these areas must be constricted. Warning signs must be evident so that on site workers are not hit by moving vehicles. Speed limits should be set for moving vehicles on site. Separate walkways must be provided along vehicles routes. As well as vehicles moving safely, goods must also be moved safely. Risks include cranes overturning, materials falling from hoists and slinging failures. Loads should be correctly transported by lifting equipment. Almost all construction work involves some kind of excavations used in foundations, drains and sewers. Trenchless techniques should be considered where possible. Demolition, dismantling and structural alterations are high risk activities that need careful planning and execution. Workers can easily be hurt by collapsing fragile structures and flying debris. Dust, noise and vibration are also concerns. Parts of the CDM are directly applicable to all demolition and dismantling work. The demolition contractor must ensure and co-ordinate the health and safety during the demolition process.
Occupational health risks must be addressed. Musculoskeletal disorders, vibration syndrome, dermatitis, noise-induced hearing loss and asbestos related diseases are some of the main risks to health in the construction industry. Any hazardous substances must be identified and measures taken, such as PPE to ensure the safety of the workers. Respiratory equipment may be needed and skin should be covered as much as possible. The use of less hazardous materials should be considered wherever possible to maintain good practice.
Sources hse website