As of 1st August 2013, the HSE has announced new guidelines to help small and larger sized businesses to understand health and safety rules better. The guide “Managing for Health and Safety” (HSG65) has been completely refreshed. The guidance now employs a ‘Plan, Do, Check, Act’ approach. This new approach will make health and safety an integral part of the management process of the organisation, rather than a stand alone process. There will also be a better balance between work systems and behavoural aspects in the workplace. The Plan, Do, Check, Act approach will ensure health and safety arrangements are in place for the organisation and that there is responsibility for overseeing them.

This involves creating your health and safety policy. This should meet the legal requirements and be proportionate to the risks. If the organisation has more than five employees, the policy must be written down. The policy should prevent health and safety problems, and enable one to respond quickly when new risks arise. It should be clear who will be responsible for what, how the aims of the policy will be achieved, and how things will be monitored. Changes must be planned for. The policy should set a clear direction for the organisation to follow. All members of the organisation must have a coordinated understanding of the risks involved in the every day workplace. Employees need to understand the legal compliance as well as have a general positive health and safety attitude. The policy should state how things will be done, risk assessment processes, resources for help and training.

Delivery of effective Health and Safety within an organisation depends on the management and risk assessment systems in place i.e on the policy plan. Preventative and protective measures should be in place to ensure risks are mitigated against. Everybody should be trained in health and safety practices and have the correct equipment for their jobs. The control of minor risks, for example, making sure pathways are clear, can be controlled by simple general rules written down on the policy. More risky activities may need detailed control systems, such as issuing work permits.

Health and Safety systems need to be checked and monitored to ensure that the plans are being effective. Audits may be a good idea to check everything is ok. Monitoring will help highlight any gap areas in health and safety. If problems are noted, good monitoring will help highlight what caused the problem, rather than there being a problem with no solution. Good monitoring takes time, patience and detailed observation in the health and safety process of any business.

This involves a review on performance on health and safety within an organisation. This is the final part of a good health and safety system, i.e where one learns from incidents. This includes reviewing performance and checking the validity of the systems in place. If things need to be changed in line with the business and new risks mitigated against then the policy must be re-written. Health and safety success must be acknowledged and carried on through any policy changes.

Sources  workplace law   hse

Styrene is commonly used in the manufacture of polystyrene plastics and resins. Acute (short term) exposure to Styrene vapour in the workplace can cause irritation to the throat, nose and lungs. It can also cause neurological effects such as drowsiness, nausea and headaches. Chronic (long term) exposure affects the central nervous system, can cause depression, hearing loss and peripheral neuropathy. Styrene is readily absorbed and distributed throughout the body following exposure. It is considered to be a possible carcinogen.

The level of Styrene in the workplace should be no more than 100 parts per million (ppm) averaged over an 8-hour day. This is the maximum work exposure limit (WEL). Styrene is a flammable substance and eventually ends up in the air. Controlling vapour levels of Styrene depends on the manufacturing methods used, for example, the amount of resin used, whether one is using a non-atomising spray gun or not, whether gel coating is used, the curing rate, the size of the workroom etc. The greatest exposure is in industries using unsaturated polyester resins dissolved in Styrene. Dust from the fibres of glass reinforced grinding can also cause health problems; possible control measures are use of gloves and adequate local ventilation. Provided there is adequate controls in place there should be no damage to peoples’ health.

Styrene levels in the workplace should be monitored and maintained in accordance with the Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 2002. The external environment is regulated by the Pollution Prevention and Control Act 1999. European Directives regulating levels of Styrene include that which evaluates and controls the risks of substances known to be in the environment (793/93) and the Solvents Directive (99/13/EC). In October 2010, SIMPL (Safety In Manufacturing Plastics) initiative was set up and includes members from industry and HSE. Its aim is to help improve health and safety standards in the plastics industry. It provides help and support for companies involved in this industry.

Minimizing environmental exposure includes locating plants away from residential areas. Efficient capture systems should be used to disperse emissions and reduce ground-level concentrations. Styrene should not be stored next to other cargo with temperatures above 30 degrees celcius, otherwise the shelf life will be reduced and there would be an increase in the risk of polymerisation in the cargo tank. Tanks carrying or unloading Styrene polymer should not be exposed to chemicals that may react with it such as caustic soda, gasoline or oils. Minimizing exposure to human health includes providing good ventilation in the working area; this is critical to reduce inhalation. Gloves should be used and rollers with splash guards used to control droplets. Lids should always be replaced on containers. Ventilation may need to be supplemented with respiratory protective equipment. All should be done in accordance with COSH regulations. Facilities using styrene should have a response plan to include fire prevention, spill detection methods, environmental protection, emergency procedures and provisions for clean up in case of spills.


Sources   hse    epa   hpa   sepa   compositesuk   cefic

The Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995 (RIDDOR) regulates the obligation to report deaths, diseases, injuries and “dangerous occurances” at work or associated with the work place. Employers are responsible for making sure RIDDOR is in operation in the workplace; it is an offence not to adhere to it. Employers are required to report and keep reports of all accidents and injuries at work.

However, the Health and Safety Executive has proposed new changes to streamline the current RIDDOR regulations to make things more simple in the reporting of accidents. Proposals were published early July 2013 and are likely to come into effect on October 1st this year. The changes will also include implementing some EU Directive requirements. Even though these changes are on track for happening in the next few months, they will still require parliamentary approval. The proposals are intended to produce a benefit to businesses over a ten year period amounting to a figure of over £5million. There were previous rule changes implemented in April 2012. At this time, the over three day reporting requirement changed to over seven days. Also, the deadline of the over-seven-day injury had also increased to fifteen days from the day of the accident. Previous to this, there were some other changes effective from September 2011.

It has been reported that there has been some opposition to these changes, notably from the Chair of the Waste Industry Safety and Health (WISH) Forum, which is a multi-party forum made up of organisations representing the waste and recycling industry, including representatives from HSE. It has been argued that this new legislation could pose concerns over possible discrepancies in the data of the reporting of accidents. However, the HSE upholds a rigorous inspection routine and there will be no changes to its policy or strategic objectives.The IOSH had concerns also over plans to change the reporting requirements involved in occupational diseases and non-fatal accidents to members of the public.

Proposed changes for October 2013

  • The classification termed “major injuries” will be replaced by a shorter “specified injuries” list. Specified injuries include fractures, amputations, loss of sight, crush injuries, serious burns among others.
  • The 47 types of industrial diseases that can be reported will be replaced with 8 categories of work related illnesses. Some of these include carpal tunnel syndrome, severe cramp, occupational dermatitis, occupational asthma and occupational cancer.
  • The number of “dangerous occurrances” will be reduced from 27, including incidents relating to the failure of freight containers, the carriage of dangerous substances by road and minor injuries at mines and quarries. These occurrances are specified near miss events. Not all will require reporting but most will.

Information is  available by the HSE to help businesses familiazise themselves with the upcoming changes.  There is going to be no changes to fatal accidents, accidents to members of the public or accidents that cause a worker to be out of work for more than seven days.


Sources   wikipedia   lets recycle   hse   track rec

The Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2007 (CDM), define legal duties for the safe operation of construction sites in the UK. These regulations apply to the whole of the construction project, from its inception to the final result. Duties are placed on clients, designers and contractors. The CDM regulations help to improve health and safety in the industry, ensure that the correct personnel are on site to manage risk and that focus is put on effective planning to manage those risks. Construction is one of the UK’s biggest industries and most dangerous. According to HSE, between 2010 and 2011, the number of workers killed from construction was 50, which was an increase from the year before. Worldwide, according to the International Labour Organisation (ILO) at least 60,000 people are killed every year on construction sites. This worldwide death toll is around the same number as the amount of soldiers and civilians killed through state based armed conflict each year. People may also suffer from ill health and serious injuries as a result of falls, being crushed, inhalation, noise pollution and being electrocuted.

The HSE is currently planning to redraft the CDM 2007 for re-issue in 2014 as there are certain parts of the current legislation that could be improved (according to report below) to make the construction industry less of a hazard. The HSE carried out an evaluation of the current CDM 2007 in 2010. The aim of the evaluation was to avoid a reduction in standards and to retain those aspects that added value or enhance them.

The outcomes from the report included the findings that some small project owners assumed that CDM did not apply to them. Also, that some clients ‘take on’ coordinator duties by not appointing a coordinator at the appropriate time. All those on a construction project that have legal duties are known as ‘duty holders’. Duty holders need to be appointed early in order to gain advice from coordinators and contractors. Sometimes they are not appointed early enough and this can lead to problems. Other findings included some organizations overstepping their role and providing ‘design’ duties even though they weren’t qualified to do so. Where there are projects with multiple contractors, there were reports of confusion over who was the principal contractor. Also, one of the key concerns with CDM 1994 was to reduce the amount of paperwork – this hasn’t happened with CDM 2007. Some designers were reported to be focused on construction risk but not on ‘whole life’ issues, such as operation, maintenance and demolition. Other findings from the report was that some designers did not have a sufficient understanding of the construction processes. These are some of the issues produced from the report.

Looking to 2014, it is believed that some of the proposed changes the HSE is considering are:

  • Duties for domestic premises
  • Applying the CDM requirements to all projects where there is more than one contractor
  • Replacing the Approved Code of Practice (ACoP) with a series of guidance notes
  • Replacing the design phase duties of the current CDM Coordinator with a new “Project Preparation Manager”


CDM – A look at safe roof design best practice


Sources    wikipedia   hse  nebosh   tuc   instcs   shse

SAR or Specific Absorption Rate value is the rate at which energy is absorbed by the body when exposed to a radio frequency or electromagnetic field. SAR is commonly used to measure power absorbed by a mobile phone. There are maximum controls worldwide for a SAR value to be at or below 1.6 – 2  watts per kilogram. The SAR value is the measure of the amount of energy absorbed by the body by mobile phones and other devices; the lower the SAR value the safer the phone. Even though there are standards in place, a cheaper phone may be sold with a higher SAR value which may pose a risk to health. Mobile phones have been classified as a ‘Group 2B’ i.e possibly carcinogenic, but since mobile phones have only been around the last 20 years or so the effects of mobile phones on human health is inconclusive.

Another aspect of mobile phone safety is their use while driving. Recent findings from the American Automobile Association (AAA) report that even with hands free technology, the driver is still impaired. Experiments were done with drivers who talked on a cell phone (both handheld and hands-free), or listened and responded to voice activated email features. The result of the research was that the speech-to-text system was the most distracting for drivers. Voice activated features made drivers experience a kind of “tunnel vision where they didn’t see potential hazards in front of them”. However, the study didn’t compare the visual and manual aspects of hand-held versus hands-free systems. The study only focused on the cognitive aspect of using a device, so more research has to be done on comparing the hand-held with the hands free systems.

In 2011, the mobile phone “Expert XP-Ex-1” had to be taken off the market because, in potentially explosive atmospheres, it could lead to possible ignition danger. It had to be taken off the market because it didn’t comply with safety standards. In general, radio transmission from mobile phones is generally too low to induce dangerous electric currents in nearby equipment. However, they should not be used in hazardous areas containing petrol.

Display Screen Equipment of another kind ie laptops, can pose a health risk. Computer workstations can be associated with eyestrain, neck back and arm problems. Whilst most of these afflictions are not serious to health, they should be avoided. The Health and Safety (Display Screen Equipment) Regulations 1992 are there to protect the health of people who work with laptops and computer workstations. Basically, these regulations address adequate seating requirements, lighting, software used, work surface, break taking, eyesight tests, VDU screens, training and the environment. Where there is intensive use of display screen equipment by an employee, it is important that non-display screen work be part of the role. Breaks should be taken before the onset of fatigue, not to recuperate. Well designed workstations and environments make for a more productive and happy employee.

Moving away from laptops and phones, medical devices used in hospitals, health care environments and by patients themselves can pose a safety risk. It has been reported in the US that medical devices such as surgical and anesthesia devices and lab analysis tools could easily be hacked into by unauthorized individuals. Malware could be distributed that can prevent hospital equipment from working correctly. The FDA has said there is growing concerns surrounding this report. Hospitals and people are vulnerable to cybersecurity attacks. Manufacturers must address cyber security so end users can protect this equipment. In a paedriatic care environment, it has been reported that some health gadgets are not as efficient as they should be when used. For children with complex conditions, medical devices have been a miracle, but for some there have been reports of problems in their use. The aim is to increase the monitoring of the usage of these medical devices and to mitigate for risk of any forseeable problems.

A gadget that is challenging the safety experts, is ‘Google Glass’. Google glass is a wearable computer with a head mounted display. It displays information like a smartphone hands free format. It can interact with the internet via voice commands. Google Glass presents its information on a virtual screen that seems to float a few feet away in the field of vision of the right eye.  An Australian health and safety firm decided to test Google’s latest invention. The glasses were shown to be safe while driving as well as use in everyday life, despite privacy safety concerns. But there may be problems with eye coordination. If the wearer is focused on something else, the left eye may be seeing something different from the right eye. Because its just come on the market, there is no real research on how wearing this headset for days or months can affect the individual. The  Australian safety experts doing the test run, said they never got so much attention in public and were “mobbed”. This Google project has drawn great media attention and wearing these glasses may well be the norm for many of us in the future.


Sources   india times   wikipedia    hse   washington post   physbiztech    daily gadgetary




Asbestos fibres are naturally present in the environment in Britain, but in very small doses that we have become acclimatized to. The danger occurs when the amount of fibres in the air are concentrated and inhaled. This may be many hundreds of times the natural occurrence.  The effects of breathing in and exposing oneself to asbestos may cause acute and fatal diseases later on in life. Asbestos related deaths results in around 4500 a year. Asbestos causes four main diseases, one fatal one is mesothelioma (this is a cancer that develops from the cells of the mesothelium, which is the protective lining of most of the internal organs of the body) and lung cancer which is always terminal. Non-fatal diseases include asbestosis (a chronic inflammatory medical condition that affects the lungs), although not fatal, this can be very debilitating. So for these reasons, the use of asbestos has been banned since 1999.

However, asbestos has been used all over the world in building materials since the mid-nineteenth century. One of the uses was as asbestos insulating board in ceilings, windows and door panels. It was also used as a sprayed coating i.e as fire protection on structural supports like columns and beams. Asbestos was also used in toilet cisterns, water tanks, pipe insulation, as floor tiles, in cement mixtures…actually it was used in almost most places in the home. Up to 50% of the building material in any home may contain asbestos today, but it is only lethal if it is disturbed and inhaled. It is best to leave it alone rather than remove it. The main types of asbestos can be categorised as blue, brown and white but this is this is not distinctively clear; asbestos has many guises and can be difficult to detect, especially if mixed with other materials.

asbestos in the home

asbestos in the home

However, asbestos can be managed. The best way to treat asbestos is not to touch or disturb it. That way it won’t release the deadly fibres. But many times there are accidents in the home and in commercial buildings and so the materials may crack, break, fall or expose themselves in such a way that allows the asbestos fibres to escape and be a hazard to humans.  A professional licensed removal firm is vital to remove asbestos. Full body coverage and a respiratory apparatus is essential when dealing with this deadly material. Asbestos cannot be vacuumed or disposed of in a normal rubbish bin. It needs to be taken to specialized disposal sites.

Simple steps to managing asbestos

  • Plan on working around and not disturbing these materials if possible
  • Those that are working around asbestos need to be trained. This will include how to protect one’s health, how to recognise asbestos, what equipment to use, emergency procedures and waste disposal
  • When working at heights in a suspect asbestos area, risk assess for falls or ‘maintenance’ that could cause asbestos to be exposed through breakages
  • The workers need to have the correct equipment to work on the different kinds of asbestos materials, for example, working with textured coatings and working with cement containing asbestos are two different asbestos related envirnoments
  • Make arrangements for the correct disposal of asbestos waste


Sources   hse   Wikipedia   the guardian   take5andstayalive

image   hse

As announced in the Queen’s speech on 09 May 2013, there may be exemption for some self employed workers from current health and safety legislation. There are no cuts to regulations, rather, the removal of some self employed from the responsibility to create a safe working environment as long as they do not pose a risk to the public. It is restricted to entrepreneurs who do not employ others. If the self employed were to injure themselves (and in doing so, not pose a risk to their environment), then, it is not normally in the public interest to prosecute the person who injured themselves as they have already suffered harm at their own doing.

These changes could affect around one million self employed people. It has been reported that the bill has been introduced because the government wishes to highlight its commitment to small businesses. There is the view that health and safety legislation is putting unnecessary strain on small businesses. The Coalition seems to want to cut down on unnecessary red tape for those who are running their own workload.

However, according to statistics from Unite the Union, self employed people can make work more dangerous in certain instances. According to Unite the Union, there is a fatality rate of 1.2 per 100,000 for the self-employed as against 0.5 per 100,000 for employees. To add to this statistic, there may be some confusion, as some self employed people may not know whether they are exempt from health and safety law or not. Some may assume that they do not pose a risk to the public in going about their work, and, in doing so could possibly put others at risk. So, relaxing the rules does concern some people. Because of these changes, a level of protection may be removed that currently exists and this may lead to an increase in deaths, injuries, and illnesses.

Some self employed people many not have adequate knowledge and an awareness of the risks to be able to assess whether their work environment is a threat to others. Courts may have a hard time trying to define ““no potential risk of harm”. Obviously, there is no such thing as absolutely no risk, it is related to degree of risk. Attempting to categorize risk according to sector will also be fraught with problems as many sectors may have blurred areas, for example, an office worker in the hazardous chemical manufacturing plant. In some sectors, health and Safety law may be mistakenly not followed.

However, in the UK, the Health and Safety at Work Act imposes a duty on self employed people to have the responsibility so that they or the public are not exposed to significant risks. The law varies in different countries. In Sweden, for example, the self employed are only covered in relation to chemicals and machinery to protect their safety and that of others. Occupations of the self employed vary widely. Not all self employed will be exempt, only those that pose no risk to the public. Obviously workers in high risk areas like agriculture or construction wont be exempt. However, those working at home, for example,  on IT takes may be exempt as they pose practically no risk to the public.

It was pointed out in the Queen’s speech that this deregulation would only apply to low risk jobs but there is a need to be clear on what is considered a dangerous profession. The law is not there to create an unnecessary burden but to teach society to be responsible, have common sense and to learn in a way that will aim to enhance existing laws to mature naturally, so that future generations can learn from experience.




Sources  ier   aviva   telegraph  rospa work place safety   unison


According to the HSE, from 11th May, there will be new regulations regarding the use of needles and other “sharps” in the healthcare industry. The new regulations will supplement the already in place health and safety legislation. There will be new guidelines set out to control the risk of injury from sharps. “Sharps”, as well as syringes,  include blades and scalpels that are used in healthcare (dentists, hospitals, clinics, laboratories). Injuries from sharps is a well known risk in the healthcare industry; concern is over the 20 or more diseases that can be transmitted which include Hepatitis B, C and HIV. The Health and Safety (Sharp Instruments in Healthcare) Regulations will come into force on 11 May 2013. The new regulations will be in support of the  EU Council Directive 2010/32/EU (the Sharps Directive), which already forms the main components of the health and safety law in the UK.

Health and Safety (Sharp Instruments in Healthcare) Regulations 2013
These regulations apply to employers, contractors and workers in  healthcare. These regulations help all to understand the legal aspects of working with sharps. These regulations should be followed in conjunction with The Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974, COSHH and RIDDOR.

Regulation 5(1)(a)
Avoid the unnecessary use of sharps. An employer should ensure that sharps are only used where necessary. Needle- free equipment should be used where possible and practicable to do so.

Regulation 5(1)(b)
Use safer sharps (using protection mechanisms).A “safer sharp” is a medical sharp that has features on it that minimises injury when handled. Essentially it eliminates recapping. “Safer sharps” are made to cover the needle after use. However, if, for example, the patient moves during the injection, the device may not protect the healthcare worker. So, care must be taken during all stages of use. Safer sharps have to be practicable. They must not compromise patient care, be reliable and the healthcare worker should have control over the device with ease of use. If the safety mechanism is integral to the device (i.e not a separate accessory) then it would be easy to use and pose minimal risk. Some kind of signal  to the user that the device is correctly activated i.e visual or tactile would be desired. If a safer sharp is not available, the employer should ensure there are safe procedures for the disposal of sharps used. In certain circumstances, where the patient supplies the needle to the healthcare worker to use, e.g for the injection of insulin, the employer should ensure that part of the risk assessment should allow for this and that there are safe systems in place.

Regulation 5(1)(c)
Prevent the recapping of needles. Needles must not be recapped after use unless the risk assessment has identified that recapping is itself required to prevent a risk.

Regulation 5(1)(d)
Place secure containers and instructions for safe disposal of medical sharps close to the work area. COSHH requires that systems are in place to dispose of contaminated waste safely. Clearly marked disposable containers must be near to the areas where the needles are used. Where the healthcare worker operates outside a clinic environment, for example in a patients home, the employers must supply disposable sharp bins.


According to the  Sharps Regulations, there must be information on training for employees. The information communicated to the employees must include knowledge of possible risks, relevant legal duties and good practice. All employees must be trained in the use and disposal of sharps. Also, the procedure for reporting an injury must be followedd rigorously. An employee must report an injury as soon as is practically possible. The record of the injury should include who was injured, when and where. Where the employee has been exposed to a blood borne virus, the employee must have immediate access to medical advice and post-exposure prophylaxis and counselling as appropriate.


Insafe safety syringe and 2010/32/EU Directive

Sources:   HSE

The agricultural and farming industry result in high rates of accident and injury due to working in this environment. According to the HSE, agriculture has the highest fatality rates of all industries. The total cost in farming injuries equates to £276 million each year. There is also a gross under-reporting of non-fatal injuries, which might make the true figure higher. Accidents and expensive law suits could be avoided if employees are trained in basic health and safety principles. Farmers and farm workers work with potentially dangerous materials, machinery, chemicals, working at heights, in confined spaces and silo pits. The main causes of accidents remains constant and includes falls, accidents involving farm transport, asphyxiation or drowning and being trapped under collapsing materials. It is the duty of the employer to ensure that the buildings are kept in good repair, workshops should have no tripping hazards and there should be good drainage and non-slip floors. General health and safety in all working environments is covered by The Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992.

Risk Assessments

A risk assessment would include checking for hazards in the farming environment. Ways of looking out for hazards include walking around the farm, observing how people work,  asking them about their safety concerns, learning from experience and checking out the manufacturers’ instructions for assembling equipment properly. It needs to be then considered who might be harmed, eg casual workers, members of the public, contractors and family, especially children. An assessment should then be done on how an injury might occur, ie injury by a bale or vehicle and long term possible health effects, like breathing in grain dusk. Each hazard must then be examined. The controls for each hazard that is currently in place must be compared with what is needed to comply with the law. If the hazard cannot be eliminated altogether, than a less risky alternative solution must be set in its place. Examples of this would be switching to a less harmful chemical, providing PPE for workers, having secure gates and signposts where there are hazardous areas and animals. All this must be communicated with the workers.

Some of the major areas to be assessed in all agricultural environments are:

Operating farm equipment and using vehicles  Vehicles should be able to move around freely, be well maintained and only operated by trained staff.  Many accidents occur because of moving or overturned vehicles. Farm machinery should only be used for that what it is designed. All machinery must have the “Certificate of Conformity” stamp. This will ensure the farm machine is built to safety standards.

Confined spaces   If it is necessary to work in a confined space like a grain silo, adequate PPE or breathing apparatus must be supplied to the worker. The air must be tested so that it dosn’t contain harmful amounts of gases such as hydrogen sulphide.

Roofs and scaffolding   Old asbestos roofs may be fragile. Platforms and covers must be set on fragile roofs to enable them to hold one’s weight.

Working with animals   Animals should be fenced in as appropriate. Children or members of the public should not have access to dangerous animals. For employees there should be proper handling facilities for life stock eg a race and a crush suitable for the animals to be handled. Animals should only be handled by trained staff that are well aware of the dangers.


Sources:  Tutorcare   Defra   HSE   Guardian

RIDDOR’s over-three-day injury reporting requirement has changed. The trigger point has increased from over three days’ to over seven days’ incapacitation (not counting the day on which the accident happened). Incapacitation means that the worker is absent or is unable to do work that they would reasonably be expected to do as part of their normal work. If you need help with online reporting of a RIDDOR or an incident investigation we can provide chartered independent consultants to work with your staff in this area.

In addition, the deadline by which the over-seven-day injury must be reported has also increased from ten days to fifteen days from the day of the accident.

The reporting of injuries, diseases and dangerous occurrences regulations (RIDDOR) changed as of the 6th April 2012. RIDDOR places duties on employers, the self-employed and people in control of work premises (the Responsible Person) to report serious workplace accidents, occupational diseases and specified dangerous occurrences (near misses).

The HSE has a list of the different injuries, diseases, dangerous occurrences, flammable gas incident and dangerous gas fitting that must be report. Reporting can be done online or by phone for reporting fatal and major injuries only. It is advisable that the person filling in the online report is competent and understands how to complete this form. The company should keep a copy of the online report and record accident details within the accident book. It is recommended as good practice that all near misses, injuries, diseases, road traffic collisions and dangerous occurrences are investigated and remedial actions put in place. Employee and witness statements could be taken during the investigation of the incident.

Further details on RIDDOR reportable can be found on the HSE website. Protectus Consulting have specialists that can investigate incidents and serious cases such as death with your team.