Step 1: Identify the hazards

Walking around the workplace and communicating with everybody may help one become aware of the hazards not easily identified initially. Feedback from employees, visiting the HSE website for guidance, checking the manufacturers instructions for hardware and learning from the past, ie past recordings of risk etc may help identify hazards.

Step 2: Decide who might be harmed and how

For each hazard identified in Step 1, it must be clear who could be harmed  eg ‘people working in the storeroom’ or ‘passers-by’, rather than identification by individual names. There may be certain groups of people more at risk than others, for example, people with disabilities, expectant mothers, members of the public.

Step 3: Evaluate the risks and decide on precautions

Once the hazards have been identified, one must decide what to do about them. Legislation on good practice must be adhered and compared to in making continual changes to the safety within the workplace.

Step 4: Record your findings and implement them

A proper risk assessment would result in a proper check been made and queries about who might be affected and investigations done as required. Obvious significant hazards would be dealth with, taking into consideration the people that may be involved. The precautions would be reasonable and would almost eliminate risk, keeping it low at least. Involvement of staff and representatives ensure everybody is aware and complying with good safety procedures.

Step 5: Review your risk assessment and update if necessary

Protectus Consulting  provide full company Risk Assessments in all areas to ensure compliance with current legislation. Contact us today for a quote.



Sources and more information:  HSE Website




Scenario 1
A Bar refused to let customer carry tray of drinks because they had not been ‘health and safety trained’?!
HSE replies  “The suggestion that special training is needed for a customer to use a tray to carry drinks/food in a restaurant is patently ridiculous. There is no occupational health and safety legislation which requires customers to be trained to do something which they are likely to do regularly in their own homes.”

Scenario 2
A Perth & Kinross school have been told that they cannot display children’s work on windows using “Blu Tack” due to Health and Safety concerns. It is claimed that a chemical in the Blu Tack may combine with a chemical in the glass to make it shatter.
HSE replies “Whatever the reason for banning the use of Blu Tack it is not on health and safety grounds. The manufacturer’s website makes clear that the product can be used on glass…”

Scenario 3
A charity shop has said that they cannot sell knitting needles for health and safety reasons.
HSE replies ” There are no health and safety regulations which apply to sale/re-sale of knitting needles and the panel can see no legitimate health and safety reason which could justify this decision. We urge the charity to reconsider its decision and at least come clean on the real reason for its decision.”

Scenario 4
A local public hall has removed knives from the hall kitchen on the grounds of health and safety
HSE replies “There is no health and safety regulation banning knives from kitchens in public halls. Banning knives from kitchens is neither sensible nor proportionate.”

Scenario 5
The enquirer claims that a hotel chain does not provide floor towels for stepping out of the bath/shower due to ‘Health and Safety’. The reason given was that ‘you could slip over’.
HSE replies ” There is no health and safety regulation which prevents hotels from providing bath mats or towels in bathrooms. It would be much better if the hotel chain explained the real reasons for their decision, rather than pretending it is motivated by concerns about health and safety.”

Scenario 6
The complainant queried whether a risk assessment was necessary to serve tea at a school fete??
HSE replies ” ..There is no need to do a separate risk assessment for serving tea.”

Scenario 7
The enquirer had read a press story where it appears that a Health Trust had decided to withdraw ‘metal paper fasteners’ from use. This decision appeared to be based on an incident where a worker injured their finger.
 HSE replies ” There is no health and safety legislation that bans the use of metal paper fasteners…”

Scenario 8
A Museum cafeteria refused to serve a five year old a dippy (ie; soft-boiled) egg on the grounds of “Health and Safety”.
HSE replies ” Whatever the reason for the museum’s decision not to serve “dippy” (ie; soft-boiled) eggs, it would be better if they were transparent about this, rather than incorrectly justifying the decision on health and safety grounds.”

Scenario 9
A school production, contributing to students GCSE exams was not going ahead because the lighting operator had not had attended a fixed ladder training course
HSE replies ” This is not a proportionate or sensible decision and is an unnecessarily rigid interpretation of working at height regulations…”

Scenario 10
Concert-goers were banned from taking umbrellas into an outdoor JLS concert – because they posed a health and safety risk
HSE replies “This clearly was not a health and safety issue in spite of the claims made by the organisers. If umbrellas really were a health and safety risk they would need to be banned in busy high streets and the like…”

There are significant risks associated with drivers involved in haulage and transport of goods on the road. According to the HSE, reports show that nearly 60 employees were killed over the last 5 years and 5000 seriously injured carrying out duties involved in load distribution. There are many simple steps that can be carried out to significantly reduce these risks. A few simple steps comply with the law and could save someones’ life.

HSE advises that the Freight Transport Association Yearbook and the Road Haulage Association Handbook contain useful summaries of legal requirements and practical advice.

According to the HSE, almost all deaths at work arise from one of the following four scenarios:
…being struck by a moving vehicle, falling loads, falls from vehicles and collasping or overturning vehicles and major injuries are caused by slips and trips, being struck by moving objects, manual handling and falls from less than 2m.

General Guidelines for  Securing Loads onto your Vehicle for Distribution
  • High Loads – low bridges or other structures can cause dislodgement of freight and injury. Warnings such as a Visual Warning Advice or Height of the vehicle must be displayed where applicable
  • Ferry Operations – there are forces likely to be encournted at sea that are not subject to normal road forces; maritime rules are advised from the Department for Transport Maritime Directorate
  • Weight of load – friction is not enought to keep the load in place. Under heavy braking, the weight acting in a forward direction (see video) on the vehicle can be equal to it’s weight acting downward on the vehicle. This can cause serious injuy. It is critical that the load is restrained in such a way that the movement of the load on the vehicle is minimised
  • Choice of Vehicle – the design and construction of the vehicle should be suitable for the loads it will carry
  • Arrangement of Loads – the load platform, bodywork and anchorage points must be in a sound position and suitable for the load
  • Anchorage – rope hooks should not be used to anchor loads (see video), dedicated load anchorage points should be used
  • Load securing equipment – clamps, bolts and harnesses etc should be strong enough for the weight of the load being carried.
  •  Sources and more information:  HSE Website
We provide full company Load Haulage Safety training to ensure compliance with current legislation. Contact us today for a quote.


October News

Hot topics :

  • slips, trips and falls


CHAS moved to annual assessments with effect from 1st October 2012, please call us if you require support for re-assessment.

What is CHAS

Assessing suppliers health and safety competence is a time consuming process. Suppliers can sometimes meet one buyer’s Health and Safety standards but not another. Being CHAS approved reduces duplication as suppliers compliance is accepted by all CHAS buyers.

CHAS assesses applicants:

  1. Health and safety policy statement;
  2. Their organisation for health and safety;
  3. Their specific health and safety arrangements to a standard acceptable to buyers and to others.


In 1997 a group of health and safety and procurement professionals from across Great Britain worked with the Association of London Government (ALG) to develop CHAS. In 2001 CHAS became a web-based system.

CHAS started with two main aims.

  1. To improve health and safety standards across Great Britain.
  2. To reduce duplicated safety applications for both suppliers and buyers.

To date more than 500 public and private sector buyer organisations, such as councils, housing associations, NHS trusts, including a growing number of large private companies who employ sub-contractors, recognise CHAS.

CHAS Benefits:

Participating in the CHAS scheme helps both suppliers and buyers.

  1. Suppliers show compliance with health and safety law (the core criteria described in the CDM regulations).
  2. On achieving compliance a supplier is approved to work for all of CHAS’ buyers. (Some Buyers may require “Accredited” Status).
  3. Inconsistencies are reduced where some suppliers may be judged compliant by one buyer but not another.
  4. CHAS gives guidance on any weaknesses in a supplier’s safety management, including how they can improve.
  5. Being a CHAS supplier or buyer saves both time and resources.

For more information please call us to discuss.

Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995 (RIDDOR)

Changed – 6 April 2012

Historically if an employee was off for three consecutive days following an incident at work then the business was responsible for ensuring it was reported to the HSE within 10 days.

As of 6 April 2012, the trigger point for RIDDOR reporting has increased from over three days’ to over seven days’ incapacitation (not counting the day on which the accident happened).

Incapacitation means that the worker is absent or is unable to do work that they would reasonably be expected to do as part of their normal work.

The deadline by which the over seven day injury must be reported has increased to 15 days from the day of the accident.

What the business must do:

  • Review the H&S manual Review the accident policy
  • Review the accident form
  • Review content of training courses
  • Ensure changes are documented appropriately.
  • Communicate changes to employees and managers with specific incident reporting responsibilities.
  • Realign how the business analyse incidents and how they are recorded at board level.

Contact us if you need a review.



Please Note:

Legislation documents posted to this site are for information and guidance purposes only. It is important that you check for latest issue documents.

Health and Safety at Work Act 1974

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Please Note:

Legislation documents posted to this site are for information and guidance purposes only. It is important that you check for latest issue documents.

Environmental Protection Act Summary

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Over a third of all major injuries reported each year are caused as a result of a slip or trip. These cost employers over £512 million a year in lost production and other costs. Slips and trips also account for over half of all reported injuries to members of the public. The acts that apply are:

  • The Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974
  • The Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999
  • The Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992

Employers have to ensure their employees and anyone else who could be affected by their work (such as visitors, members of the public) are kept safe from harm and that their health is not affected. This means slip and trips risks must be controlled to ensure people do not slip, trip and fall.

  • Employees must use any safety equipment provided and must not cause danger to themselves or others.
  • Manufacturers and suppliers have a duty to ensure that their products are safe. They must also provide information about appropriate use.
  • Employers must assess risks (including slip and trip risks) and where necessary take action to safeguard health and safety.
  • Floors should be suitable for the workplace and work activity, kept in good condition and kept free from obstructions.

What should you consider?

  • Provide Non-slip floorings in areas that can’t be kept dry and use cordless tools to avoid trailing cables across working areas. 
  • Organisation Workers need to be involved and committed to reducing risks. Give employees responsibilities to ensure that areas of the workplace are kept safe, eg getting spillages and objects cleaned up quickly, keeping access routes clear and ensuring lighting is maintained. 
  • Keep a record of who is responsible for which arrangements; take special care to include cleaning and other contractors. Make these details clear to everyone. 
  • The business should have a safe management system in place to prevent slip, trips and falls in the workplace.
  • Identify key areas of risk through risk assessment. Careful selection of materials, equipment and work practices can prevent or contain slip and trip hazards from liquids, fine powders and objects.
If in any doubt then please contact us, we are here to help you.