The Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2007 (CDM), define legal duties for the safe operation of construction sites in the UK. These regulations apply to the whole of the construction project, from its inception to the final result. Duties are placed on clients, designers and contractors. The CDM regulations help to improve health and safety in the industry, ensure that the correct personnel are on site to manage risk and that focus is put on effective planning to manage those risks. Construction is one of the UK’s biggest industries and most dangerous. According to HSE, between 2010 and 2011, the number of workers killed from construction was 50, which was an increase from the year before. Worldwide, according to the International Labour Organisation (ILO) at least 60,000 people are killed every year on construction sites. This worldwide death toll is around the same number as the amount of soldiers and civilians killed through state based armed conflict each year. People may also suffer from ill health and serious injuries as a result of falls, being crushed, inhalation, noise pollution and being electrocuted.

The HSE is currently planning to redraft the CDM 2007 for re-issue in 2014 as there are certain parts of the current legislation that could be improved (according to report below) to make the construction industry less of a hazard. The HSE carried out an evaluation of the current CDM 2007 in 2010. The aim of the evaluation was to avoid a reduction in standards and to retain those aspects that added value or enhance them.

The outcomes from the report included the findings that some small project owners assumed that CDM did not apply to them. Also, that some clients ‘take on’ coordinator duties by not appointing a coordinator at the appropriate time. All those on a construction project that have legal duties are known as ‘duty holders’. Duty holders need to be appointed early in order to gain advice from coordinators and contractors. Sometimes they are not appointed early enough and this can lead to problems. Other findings included some organizations overstepping their role and providing ‘design’ duties even though they weren’t qualified to do so. Where there are projects with multiple contractors, there were reports of confusion over who was the principal contractor. Also, one of the key concerns with CDM 1994 was to reduce the amount of paperwork – this hasn’t happened with CDM 2007. Some designers were reported to be focused on construction risk but not on ‘whole life’ issues, such as operation, maintenance and demolition. Other findings from the report was that some designers did not have a sufficient understanding of the construction processes. These are some of the issues produced from the report.

Looking to 2014, it is believed that some of the proposed changes the HSE is considering are:

  • Duties for domestic premises
  • Applying the CDM requirements to all projects where there is more than one contractor
  • Replacing the Approved Code of Practice (ACoP) with a series of guidance notes
  • Replacing the design phase duties of the current CDM Coordinator with a new “Project Preparation Manager”


CDM – A look at safe roof design best practice


Sources    wikipedia   hse  nebosh   tuc   instcs   shse

RIDDOR’s over-three-day injury reporting requirement has changed. The trigger point has increased from over three days’ to over seven days’ incapacitation (not counting the day on which the accident happened). Incapacitation means that the worker is absent or is unable to do work that they would reasonably be expected to do as part of their normal work. If you need help with online reporting of a RIDDOR or an incident investigation we can provide chartered independent consultants to work with your staff in this area.

In addition, the deadline by which the over-seven-day injury must be reported has also increased from ten days to fifteen days from the day of the accident.

The reporting of injuries, diseases and dangerous occurrences regulations (RIDDOR) changed as of the 6th April 2012. RIDDOR places duties on employers, the self-employed and people in control of work premises (the Responsible Person) to report serious workplace accidents, occupational diseases and specified dangerous occurrences (near misses).

The HSE has a list of the different injuries, diseases, dangerous occurrences, flammable gas incident and dangerous gas fitting that must be report. Reporting can be done online or by phone for reporting fatal and major injuries only. It is advisable that the person filling in the online report is competent and understands how to complete this form. The company should keep a copy of the online report and record accident details within the accident book. It is recommended as good practice that all near misses, injuries, diseases, road traffic collisions and dangerous occurrences are investigated and remedial actions put in place. Employee and witness statements could be taken during the investigation of the incident.

Further details on RIDDOR reportable can be found on the HSE website. Protectus Consulting have specialists that can investigate incidents and serious cases such as death with your team.

A new chief inspector of construction has been appointed by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE).

Heather Bryant, who is currently HSE’s divisional director for London, the East and South East, will replace Philip White at the end of March. After four years in post, Philip moves to lead another key division at HSE.

The post of chief inspector of construction is influential within HSE and the industry, and it involves heading a division of 260 specialist inspectors, policy officials and support staff.

Despite significant improvements in recent years, construction remains one of Britain’s most dangerous industries – 49 people were killed and 2,884 seriously injured in 2011/12.


Source: HSE website

Between 18 February and 15 March, inspectors will make unannounced visits to construction sites to ensure they are managing high-risk activity, such as working at height.

They will also check for general good order, assess welfare facilities and check whether suitable PPE such as head protection, is being used appropriately.

During 2011/12, 49 workers were killed while working in construction and 2,884 major injuries were reported. The purpose of the initiative is to remind those working in the industry that poor standards are unacceptable and could result in enforcement action.

Source: HSE website

Protectus Consulting can provide health and safety specialist to support your business in having a safe work environment. we can carry out a compliance review at regular intervals to ensure health and safety is implemented effectively. If you need to achieve CHAS accredited we can support you through this.