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Health and Safety during the decommissioning process

The Wylfa Nuclear Power Station is on the island of Anglesey, North Wales. It houses two nuclear reactors (490 MW Magnox). Reactor 2 was retired in 2012, and Reactor 1 may operate until 2014 according to the Health and Safety Executive (HSE). Wylfa had, in 2009, applied to the Office for Nuclear Regulation (ONR) for consent for its decommissioning. But this can only be valid for 5 years and since the plant is still operational, it is seeking a new decommissioning consent. Any nuclear reactor plant considering decommissioning, must submit to the ONR an Environmental Statement (ES), which includes an environmental impact assessment. Wylfa is just one of the 37 licensed nuclear reactors in the UK regulated by the ONR. The function of ONR is to protect people and the environment from the hazards associated with the nuclear industry.

Where a licensee wishes to quality for a decommissioning consent, they must demonstrate a strategy of how all redundant and operational nuclear plants, that they are responsible for, can be decommissioned safely. Site inspections would then be carried out throughout the decommissioning process to ensure the site is maintaining nuclear safety. An environmental impact of decommissioning for the nuclear plant must be undertaken according to the legislation of the Nuclear Reactors (Environmental Impact Assessment for Decommissioning) Regulations 1999 (EIADR). If the project is considered acceptable HSE grants consent for the decommissioning project.

Environmental Statement (ES)

This must include the impact on the environment of the decommissioning, and must identify mitigation measures to prevent and reduce any adverse effects on the environment. It should include details of dismantling and clearance of the site, where possible. Details of the environmental effect of each stage of the decommissioning must be included, and, also where there is uncertainty in the later stages. Effects on the environment should include the direct, indirect, secondary, cumulative, short, medium and long term, permanent, temporary, positive and negative effects. Attempts should be made to contact the general public and special interest groups about the proposed decommissioning plan. Where possible the impacts should be expressed in measureable quantities. The mitigation measures of significant and minor affects should be included.

The following must be included in the ES

•         Air and climate. The could include the impact of dust from the demolition of buildings. Depending on the source, dust may also be contaminated with radioactive material and asbestos. There may be dust emissions from vehicles travelling to and from the plant.

•         Flora and fauna (ecology). There may be accidental spills and changes in the water table. There may be disruption of local habitat by storage of materials, earth movements and site clearance. There may be Radiological impacts on wildlife.

•         Landscape and visual. There may be temporary visual impacts like construction works.

•         Material assets (including archaeology and cultural heritage). There may be removal, alteration of buildings or destruction of sensitive archaeological deposits.

•         Population (socio-economics). There may be loss of jobs, Sellafield, for example, employs 10,000 people.

•         Soil (including geology, hydrogeology and contaminated land). Some sites may be historically contaminated. Many sites were used during World War 2 as airfields or munitions manufacturing, this was during a time when environmental standards were not as strict as today.

•         Water. There may be accidental spills which can distress aquatic life.

 

Sources: Wikipedia    HSE

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The farmyard – a dangerous environment

The agricultural and farming industry result in high rates of accident and injury due to working in this environment. According to the HSE, agriculture has the highest fatality rates of all industries. The total cost in farming injuries equates to £276 million each year. There is also a gross under-reporting of non-fatal injuries, which might make the true figure higher. Accidents and expensive law suits could be avoided if employees are trained in basic health and safety principles. Farmers and farm workers work with potentially dangerous materials, machinery, chemicals, working at heights, in confined spaces and silo pits. The main causes of accidents remains constant and includes falls, accidents involving farm transport, asphyxiation or drowning and being trapped under collapsing materials. It is the duty of the employer to ensure that the buildings are kept in good repair, workshops should have no tripping hazards and there should be good drainage and non-slip floors. General health and safety in all working environments is covered by The Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992.

Risk Assessments

A risk assessment would include checking for hazards in the farming environment. Ways of looking out for hazards include walking around the farm, observing how people work,  asking them about their safety concerns, learning from experience and checking out the manufacturers’ instructions for assembling equipment properly. It needs to be then considered who might be harmed, eg casual workers, members of the public, contractors and family, especially children. An assessment should then be done on how an injury might occur, ie injury by a bale or vehicle and long term possible health effects, like breathing in grain dusk. Each hazard must then be examined. The controls for each hazard that is currently in place must be compared with what is needed to comply with the law. If the hazard cannot be eliminated altogether, than a less risky alternative solution must be set in its place. Examples of this would be switching to a less harmful chemical, providing PPE for workers, having secure gates and signposts where there are hazardous areas and animals. All this must be communicated with the workers.

Some of the major areas to be assessed in all agricultural environments are:

Operating farm equipment and using vehicles  Vehicles should be able to move around freely, be well maintained and only operated by trained staff.  Many accidents occur because of moving or overturned vehicles. Farm machinery should only be used for that what it is designed. All machinery must have the “Certificate of Conformity” stamp. This will ensure the farm machine is built to safety standards.

Confined spaces   If it is necessary to work in a confined space like a grain silo, adequate PPE or breathing apparatus must be supplied to the worker. The air must be tested so that it dosn’t contain harmful amounts of gases such as hydrogen sulphide.

Roofs and scaffolding   Old asbestos roofs may be fragile. Platforms and covers must be set on fragile roofs to enable them to hold one’s weight.

Working with animals   Animals should be fenced in as appropriate. Children or members of the public should not have access to dangerous animals. For employees there should be proper handling facilities for life stock eg a race and a crush suitable for the animals to be handled. Animals should only be handled by trained staff that are well aware of the dangers.

 

Sources:  Tutorcare   Defra   HSE   Guardian

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Storage and handling of cargo on ship vessels – an overview

Work at docks can be hazardous as there are many elements to contend with. Cargo may have to be unloaded/loaded at certain times, in all types of weather, regardless, foreign vessels may not have an English speaking crew and there may be logistical problems with crane and loading equipment.  There is always the unexpected, like a cargo box getting jammed, lack of moving equipment available or inability to unload due to a wharf tide etc. These are just some of the risks that may be experienced in this kind of environment. There needs to be full co-operation, communication and logistic management. As well as the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974, there are also other acts, specific legislation and best practice regulations for work on docks.

Dry Cargo

Dry cargo can contain large quantities of dust, from it’s prolonged storage or through emissions from the material itself. Typical cargoes can include grain, soya, fertilisers etc which can have a chronic effect on the lungs. There is also a risk from back injury and sprains through incorrect moving of freight. Lifting equipment should be strong and stable and safe working loads clearly indicated. Dock personnel should not be put at risk from falls.The Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 2002 (COSHH) would be used in these conditions to handle dusty cargos.

Liquids

Containers with corrugated side panels should be used. Non hazardous liquids like wine or latex, for example, are most ofden transported in strong flexi-bags. The harness straps on the bags must be tightly secured in the container.

Dangerous Substances

‘Dangerous Substances’ can include explosives, gas in cylinders, flammable gas in cartridges, flammable liquids (flash point less than 21°C), industrial nitrocellulose, organic peroxides, infectious substances, radioactive substances etc. Freight containers should be labelled with the appropriate hazard warning sign for the class of dangerous substance they contain.

Harbour masters would need to know well in advance when dangerous substances will be brought into their harbour area. According to the Dangerous Substances in Harbour Areas Regulations 1987, it may be necessary to prevent entry of this cargo if it poses a high health and safety risk. During the handling of dangerous substances, fire fighting equipment should be on standby. The storage of dangerous substances is controlled by the Highly Flammable Liquids and Liquefied Petroleum Gases Regulations 1972. Any dangerous substance that is placed in a tank should be compatible with the materials of that tank. Hazards from dangerous substances include ignition following a spill, explosion, fire and toxic fumes.

In general, dock cargo should be stored in such a way as to minimise the need for walking or climbing onto it, especially if this involves an approach to the edge of a dangerous drop. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) must be supplied for all dock workers in all conditions of loading/unloading of cargo.  It should be stored in such a way that the product is protected and not affected by the elements or near sources of contamination. Slip resistant footwear should be provided if it is necessary to walk around freight pallets, especially in wet rainy conditions. The lighting should be reasonably constant and uniform and labels should be clearly seen on cargo boxes. Cargo handling vehicles, for example, fork lifts that are lifted onto or off ships by crane should have safe suitable points  for the attachment of lifting gear. All containers must be packed properly because maritime conditions can cause them to be unsettled during transit, damaged or to be a hazard when unloading. When unloading cargo, doors and other loose parts should be secured. Loads should only be moved with the equipment appropriate for lifting that load.

Where one has to work in a confined space on a ship, there is a risk of intoxication due to vapour or fumes or asphyxiation through lack of oxygen. Every precaution should be made to prevent this from happening. Working at heights, lifting and sliding of loads would be done in accordance with the Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations 1998 to ensure the safe handling of cargo.

 

Sources: HSE

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Mission Madness: Skyscraper daredevils push health and safety limits

The London Shard is the tallest building in the European Union (1,016ft), but that’s not stopping Alain Robert aka “spiderman” from setting his sights on climbing it. However, much to his disappointment, notably because of health and safety fears, the Shards’ owners were granted an injunction which prevents Mr Robert from putting one foot on its glassy exterior. Previous landmarks Mr Robert has conquered include the Empire State building and the Eiffel Tower. He has been arrested several times in the past for attempting unorthodox climbs but has also got permission several times to scale many landmarks. Mr Robert does not use any harnesses, only his bare hands and suffers from vertigo, but has managed to climb skyscrapers all over the world.

Many other illegal and risky challenges of the same calibre are done all over the world. One such episode included russian dardevils scaling the Mercury City Tower in Russia where the top of the building has a permanent temperature of below zero. They meticulously planned the whole escapade, sneaking past guards to facilitate their amazing conquest.

A group of Londoners have successfully and illegally climbed the Shard and now may be subject to legal action from the authorities. The group managed to bypass the buildings high security level. Three members of the group climbed nearly 80 stories and took breath taking pictures 40 miles across London. The Shard’s developer, denied the £435million building was a security risk.

The UK law on climbing buildings without permission would most likely result in the guilty party being charged with “tresspassing”. Also one may be charged with endangering the lives of others, ie “reckless behaviour” . The owner of a building that was “trespassed” would want to distance themselves from any liability connected to the person climbing it. It is not trespassing if the owner of the building has allowed permission to climb. One could get around the “reckless endangerment” accusation by climbing with full safety gear, but most daredevils don’t climb with health and safety in mind…

 

Not quite so exciting but one incident that does stop you in your tracks was where a person wanted to clean his windows so risked health and safety protocol by climbing out onto the balcony, which, was witnessed by shocked on-lookers. This  incident is being investigated by Bath & North East Somerset Council. He seemed to look perfectly safe (as caught on camera below) and this dosn’t seem to have been a stunt of any kind.

However, health and safety guidelines for cleaning windows include risk assessing the area and HSE advise “where external cleaning from height is the chosen method, using the safest equipment is the best approach to reducing risk.” but there isn’t a great lot of literature on cleaning the outside of windows. Some kind of mobile scaffolding is what is most ofden used.

The OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) has strict regulations on the use of scaffolds to ensure they are safe to use. Whenever scaffolds are in use (be it for window cleaning or some other outside maintenance work), fall protection such as guardrails and safety nets must be provided on scaffolds more than six feet high. Hardhats and footgear are standard. Rolling scaffolds for window cleaning must be securely locked in place before use.

 

 Watch it and cringe..

Sources:  sky news,  daily mail,  hse,  live leak,  cleanlink,  telegraph

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Tattoo Needlestick and Infection Control

Healthcare workers are often affected by needlestick injuries, however other occupations are also affected. Protectus have prepared with support from local Tattooist companies a training course, specifically aimed at dealing with the Health, Safety and Environmental issues faced by professional tattoo artists and body piercing artists. Needlestick injuries may also affect carers and children picking up used needles.

  • For more details about our courses either contact us or follow the link:

http://cluster24748.website-staging.uk/protectus.co.uk/training/

  • If you prefer the self training method, then we have developed a specialist training pack available for instant download:

http://cluster24748.website-staging.uk/protectus.co.uk/store/presentation-download/

Our training material is certificated, so that you can demonstrate to your clients that you are competent and taking their care seriously.

Blood borne pathogens

The major blood-borne pathogens of concern associated with needlestick injury are hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and HIV. However, other infectious agents also have the potential for transmission through needlestick injury, including:

  • Human T-lymphotropic retroviruses I (HTLV-I) and II (HTLV-II).
  • Hepatitis D virus (HDV – or delta agent) which is activated in the presence of HBV.
  • GB virus C (GBV-C) – formerly known as hepatitis G virus (HGV).
  • Cytomegalovirus (CMV).
  • Epstein-Barr virus (EBV).
  • Parvovirus B19.
  • Transfusion-transmitted virus (TTV).
  • West Nile virus (WNV).
  • Malarial parasites.
  • Prion agents such as those associated with transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs).

Between 2002 and 2011, 4,381 significant occupational exposures were reported (increasing from 276 in 2002 to 541 in 2011).

72 significant occupational exposures reported between 2002 and 2011 involved ancillary staff. The majority of these exposures were due to non-compliance with standard infection control precautions for the handling and safe disposal of clinical waste.

Source: Health Protection Agency (HPA) report regarding healthcare workers, released in 2012.

The Health and Safety executive have provided a detailed COSHH bulletin SR12, this document provides essential reading and is relevant to the industry.

http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/guidance/sr12.pdf

Protectus Training

The Protectus Training course and self help pack provides information that helps employers (including the self-employed and franchisees) comply with the Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 2002 (COSHH). Demonstrate compliance to other relevant health and safety legislation and provide a safe working environment that minimises the risk of exposure.

We have compiled a short summary of the Health and Safety Considerations for Tattooists, attend our training and ensure compliance to all applicable law.

Main Legislation

The Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974, The Local Government (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1982.

Age restrictions

A person must be 18 years of age before they can have a tattoo. This is a statutory requirement, with criminal penalties on conviction.

Records keeping

The keeping of records protects both the client and the tattooist and therefore the following details should be included in client records:

  • Date of the procedure;
  • Client’s name, address and telephone number;
  • Full details of the procedure;
  • A record of the type of the procedure
  • Medical history.

When assessing medical history, as a minimum a health declaration form should ask for information and history. Please discuss with us what types of forms can be used, we are here to help and can provide email guidance on some matters free of charge. Please get in touch if you have a question.

 Typical Questions

Check and know the history before any procedure.

  • heart disease.
  • medication.
  • pregnancy/breast feeding.
  • blood borne viruses such as HIV, Hepatitis B and C.
  • low and high blood pressure, epilepsy, diabetes, impetigo etc.
  • skin conditions such as eczema, warts and psoriasis.
  • allergic responses to latex, anaesthetics and adhesive plasters.
  • Conditions that compromise the immune system.
  • Heart disease/pacemaker.
  • Haemophilia.

What should be considered before performing a procedure

  • The tattooist should discuss client’s medical history.
  • Where a condition exists, or there be past history, written authorisation from the client’s doctor should be required before tattooing takes place.
  • The tattooist should record the clients’ response to health history on the client’s record card and consent forms.
  • Remember also that Data Protection legislation applies.

http://cluster24748.website-staging.uk/protectus.co.uk/data-protection-act-2/

Essential equipment to conduct hygienic procedures

  • Alcohol impregnated swabs (pre packed) for skin preparation.
  • Autoclave.
  • Disinfectants, disposable caps or trays for pigments.
  • Disposable latex, vinyl or nitrile gloves may be worn, but must be discarded after each client (they must be disposed of as clinical waste).
  • Disposable razor, kidney dish (autoclavable container for needles), paper tissues and paper towels, sharps container.
  • Spray bottle containing fresh skin preparation antiseptic.

After care advice

  • It is best practice to give out written after care advice as clients are often nervous or excited about their new tattoo and may not take in verbal advice.
  • Basically the treated area must be covered with a lint free sterile gauze which is taped to the skin with micropore tape – this permits ventilation of the damaged skin surface, helping the healing process.
  • The new tattoo should be kept dry to prevent the onset of infection.

Other things to consider

  • The practitioner or the client should be under the adverse influence of drugs, alcohol or other substances.
  • Tattooing should be undertaken in conditions of appropriate privacy.
  • Eating, drinking and smoking should not be permitted in the studio.
  • Tattoo machines (motors and frames) cannot be sterilised and should be carefully damp wiped between clients with 70% alcohol.
  • Because needles are repeatedly dipped into pigments during tattooing, it is  important that fresh pigments are used for each customer.
  • Pigment capsules should be firmly placed in holders while in use, to avoid the possibility of spillage. These should be made of autoclavable material e.g. stainless steel and should be cleaned and disinfected between clients and sterilised between sessions.

Finding a competent practitioner

Tattooists should be registered to operate with the local authority and should display their registration certificate. If the practitioner intends to perform your tattoo without asking for your medical history or personal details such as name and address, this indicates bad practice.

Ask your practitioner for Health, Safety and Neddlestick awareness training and certification.

The work that Protectus have completed with Tattooists in the UK, we can assure you the profession is very serious about Health, Safety and the care of customers.

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Corporate Manslaughter

Corporate manslaughter cases rise.  Ensure your business attends awareness seminars and receives training, Protectus can support with legal requirements. The number of corporate manslaughter cases opened by the Crown Prosecution Service jumped by 40% last year as prosecutors stepped up their use of recent legislation that has produced just three convictions to date.

There were more than 60 new corporate manslaughter cases opened in 2012, up from 45 in 2011. There have been only a few convictions but there will more to follow as there are more than 30 other prosecutions yet to be heard.

Companies that cut health and safety expenditure to help survive the recession could leave themselves liable to prosecution in the event of an accident.

What should you do?

We have prepared a comprehensive overview of your legal responsibilities to Corporate Manslaughter and we are running a number of open seminars on the subject.

  1. Attend one of the seminar sessions: http://cluster24748.website-staging.uk/protectus.co.uk/contact/
  2. Download our latest presentation material: http://cluster24748.website-staging.uk/protectus.co.uk/store/presentation-download/
  3. Whatever you do, ensure you are legally compliant and have assessed the risks in your business.

We are here to support, so please get in touch.

What is the Corporate Manslaughter Act?

Prior to 6 April 2008, it was possible for a corporate entity, such as a company, to be prosecuted for a wide range of criminal offences, including the common law offence of gross negligence manslaughter. However, in order for the company to be guilty of the offence, it was also necessary for a senior individual who could be said to embody the company (also known as a ‘controlling mind’) to be guilty of the offence. This was known as the identification principle.

On the 6 April 2008, the Corporate Manslaughter and Corporate Homicide Act 2007 (CMCHA) came into force throughout the UK. In England and Wales and Northern Ireland, the new offence is called corporate manslaughter, and in Scotland it is called corporate homicide.

The provisions in the Act which relate to deaths which occur in custody will be brought into force on 1 September 2011.  There is further information on these provisions later in this guidance.

Where any of the conduct or events alleged to constitute the offence occurred before 6 April 2008, the pre-existing common law will apply. Therefore, the Act will only apply to deaths where the conduct or harm, leading to the death, occurs on or after 6 April.  Therefore if the breach of duty is alleged to have occurred before 6 April 2008, for example where a building has been defectively wired or a person has been exposed to asbestos many years ago, the common law applies.

Individuals will not be able to bring a private prosecution for the new offence without the consent of the DPP (section 17).  This is unlike the position with allegations of gross negligence manslaughter against individuals where no such consent is required.  See below for further information regarding consent.

The offence was created to provide a means of accountability for very serious management failings across the organisation. The original intention was to overcome the problems at common law of ‘identification’ and ‘aggregation’ (the prosecution could not aggregate the failings of a number of individuals) in relation to incorporated bodies. The offence is now considerably wider in scope than simply overcoming these two problems and it now includes liability for organisations which could never previously be prosecuted for manslaughter.

The new offence is intended to work in conjunction with other forms of accountability such as gross negligent manslaughter for individuals and other health and safety legislation.

If you believe that you have an Asbestos problem in your business or handle Asbestos then please contact us or visit our Presentation download pages for the latest guidance.

http://cluster24748.website-staging.uk/protectus.co.uk/store/presentation-download/

 

For Further information regarding prosecution please visit the Crown Prosecution Service, There website is http://www.cps.gov.uk.

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Temperature in the Workplace

The law does not state a minimum temperature, but the temperature in workrooms should normally be at least:

  • 16°C, or
  • 13°C if much of the work is physical.

The Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992 lay down particular requirements for most aspects of the working environment. Regulation 7 deals specifically with the temperature in indoor workplaces and states that:

‘During working hours, the temperature in all workplaces inside buildings shall be reasonable.’

However, the application of the regulation depends on the nature of the workplace, such as a bakery, a cold store, an office, a warehouse.

The associated ACOP ( Workplace health, safety and welfare. Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992. Approved Code of Practice) goes on to explain:

‘The temperature in workrooms should provide reasonable comfort without the need for special clothing. Where such a temperature is impractical because of hot or cold processes, all reasonable steps should be taken to achieve a temperature which is as close as possible to comfortable. ‘Workroom’ means a room where people normally work for more than short periods.

The temperature in workrooms should normally be at least 16 degrees Celsius unless much of the work involves severe physical effort in which case the temperature should be at least 13 degrees Celsius. These temperatures may not, however, ensure reasonable comfort, depending on other factors such as air movement and relative humidity.’

Where the temperature in a workroom would otherwise be uncomfortably high, for example because of hot processes or the design of the building, all reasonable steps should be taken to achieve a reasonably comfortable temperature, for example by:

  • insulating hot plants or pipes;
  • providing air-cooling plant;
  • shading windows;
  • siting workstations away from places subject to radiant heat.

Where a reasonably comfortable temperature cannot be achieved throughout a workroom, local cooling should be provided. In extremely hot weather fans and increased ventilation may be used instead of local cooling.

Where, despite the provision of local cooling, workers are exposed to temperatures which do not give reasonable comfort, suitable protective clothing and rest facilities should be provided. Typical examples of suitable protective clothing would be ice vests, or air/water fed suits. The effectiveness of these PPE systems may be limited if used for extended periods of time with inadequate rest breaks. Where practical there should be systems of work (for example, task rotation) to ensure that the length of time for which individual workers are exposed to uncomfortable temperatures is limited.

HSE previously defined thermal comfort in the workplace, as: ‘An acceptable zone of thermal comfort for most people in the UK lies roughly between 13°C (56°F) and 30°C (86°F), with acceptable temperatures for more strenuous work activities concentrated towards the bottom end of the range, and more sedentary activities towards the higher end.’

Source HSE Website,  Wikipedia

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Norovirus (Winter Vomiting Bug)

Norovirus, better known as the winter vomiting bug, is the most common stomach bug in the UK, affecting people of all ages.

The virus, which is highly contagious, causes vomiting and diarrhea. As there is no specific cure, you have to let it run its course, but it should not last more than a couple of days. If you get norovirus, make sure you drink plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration and practise good hygiene to help prevent it from spreading.

Norovirus can be unpleasant to experience, but it’s not generally dangerous and most people make a full recovery within a couple of days, without having to see a doctor.

Noroviruses are a group of viruses that are the most common cause of stomach bugs in the UK. They are also known as small round structured viruses (SRSV) or Norwalk-like viruses.

Between 600,000 and 1 million people in the UK catch norovirus every year. You may have heard of it as the “winter vomiting bug” because the illness is more common in winter. However, the virus can be caught at any time of the year.

What should I do?

If you have norovirus, the following steps should help ease your symptoms:

  • Drink plenty of water to avoid dehydration.
  • Take paracetamol for any fever or aches and pains.
  • If you feel like eating, eat foods that are easy to digest.
  • Stay at home and don’t go to the doctor, because norovirus is contagious and there is nothing the doctor can do while you have it.
  • However, contact your GP to seek advice if your symptoms last longer than a few days or if you already have a serious illness.

How to stop it spreading

The virus is easily spread by contact with an infected person, especially through their hands. You can also catch it through contaminated food or drink or by touching contaminated surfaces or objects.

The following measures should help prevent the virus from spreading further:

  • Wash your hands frequently.
  • Do not share towels and flannels.
  • Disinfect any surfaces that an infected person has touched.

Outbreaks in busy places such as hospitals, nursing homes and schools are common because the virus can survive for several days on surfaces or objects touched by an infected person.

If you want to know more about Norovirus, please visit the source of this Post at:

http://www.nhs.uk/

 

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Risk Assessment in the Workplace

Step 1: Identify the hazards

Walking around the workplace and communicating with everybody may help one become aware of the hazards not easily identified initially. Feedback from employees, visiting the HSE website for guidance, checking the manufacturers instructions for hardware and learning from the past, ie past recordings of risk etc may help identify hazards.

Step 2: Decide who might be harmed and how

For each hazard identified in Step 1, it must be clear who could be harmed  eg ‘people working in the storeroom’ or ‘passers-by’, rather than identification by individual names. There may be certain groups of people more at risk than others, for example, people with disabilities, expectant mothers, members of the public.

Step 3: Evaluate the risks and decide on precautions

Once the hazards have been identified, one must decide what to do about them. Legislation on good practice must be adhered and compared to in making continual changes to the safety within the workplace.

Step 4: Record your findings and implement them

A proper risk assessment would result in a proper check been made and queries about who might be affected and investigations done as required. Obvious significant hazards would be dealth with, taking into consideration the people that may be involved. The precautions would be reasonable and would almost eliminate risk, keeping it low at least. Involvement of staff and representatives ensure everybody is aware and complying with good safety procedures.

Step 5: Review your risk assessment and update if necessary

Protectus Consulting  provide full company Risk Assessments in all areas to ensure compliance with current legislation. Contact us today for a quote.

 

 

Sources and more information:  HSE Website

 

 

 

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Environmental Protection Act

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Please Note:

Legislation documents posted to this site are for information and guidance purposes only. It is important that you check for latest issue documents.

Environmental Protection Act Summary

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